Tuesday, 18 March 2014

Next Main Quiz

Here is the latest Main Quiz for you to have a go at.

Also, just to remind anyone who wants to enter the competition to win a Chamber's Biographical Dictionary,you have until midnight 20th March to do so (UK time -details below this quiz).


1. (Pictured) It is a game played on horseback that combines elements from polo and basketball.It has been banned several times during its history because of violence,but during the 1930s,was regulated and a set of official rules were implemented.In 1953 President Juan Peron declared it to be Argentina's national game.Taken from the Spanish word for 'duck',what is the name this equine sport?


2.Although there had been several trials earlier, the invention of this type of clinical implant is usually credited to Dr. William F. House,who created it in 1961. His device was manufactured by 3M and tested on around a thousand people,paving the way for future clinical development.The implant is used to improve quality of life,as opposed to a direct cure .What is the name of this type of implant,which has been received by around 350,000 people and consists of a microphone,a transmitter and a receiver?

Cochlear Implant

3.To many football fans the name may be associated with a'god'. However 'Pele' is also known as a goddess of volcanoes,who is believed to live at the summit of one the world's most active volcanoes. In which mythology and culture,does this Pele,the daughter of Haumea,appear?


4.(Pictured) He is a Cuban-American recording artist and rapper from Miami He has released seven albums (to date), but it was his 2011 album, 'Planet Pit', which made him a global superstar. It featured the single 'On the Floor',a collaboration with Jennifer Lopez,which reached number one in many countries around the world. The album also gave him his first solo US number one with the single 'Give Me Everything'. Best known for his collaborations,by what animal-related stage name is Armando Christian Perez usually known?


5.He is a French director,screenwriter and producer,whose films have won him prestigious awards at the Cannes and Venice Film festivals. He has been nominated for the Golden Lion on three occasions and won the Silver Lion for his 1991 film 'J'entends Plus la Guitare'. Between 1969 and 1979,many of his films featured the German model, actress and Velvet Underground collaborator,Nico,with whom he had a 10 year relationship. What is the name of this film director,whose son,Louis,is also now an acclaimed actor? 

Philippe Garrel

6.(Pictured) Born in Melbourne,in 1979,his parents,are the founders of the Australians Against Further Immigration political party. His acting career began when he was given the role of Billy Kennedy in the Australian soap opera,'Neighbours',which he played for 11 years between 1994 and 2005.He has also appeared in films such as 'Winning London' (with the Olsen twins), Uptown Girls, and Swimming Upstream,but is most notable,globally,for playing the character Dr Robert Chase in the US TV medical drama 'House'. What is this actor's name,who has gone on to star in the US TV dramas Chicago Fire and its spin-off Chicago PD?

Jesse Spencer

7.He was born in north western Italy,sometime between 1095 and 1100.He later became noted for his Christian teachings and was ordained Bishop of Paris in 1159.His most famous work by far, was 'Libri Quatuor Sententiarum' (The Four Sentences), which became the standard textbook of theology at the medieval universities.It is believed that between the 1220s and the 16th century,no work of Christian literature, except for the Bible itself, was commented upon more frequently.What is the name of this scholastic theologian?

Peter Lombard

8.It coincides with the New Year of many calendars of South and Southeast Asia and is believed to have been adapted from the Sankranti Hindu festival.The most famous festival celebrations are in the northern Thai city of Chiang Mai, where it continues for around six days and has also become a party for foreign visitors.What is the name of this festival ,which is celebrated in Thailand as the traditional New Year's Day and runs between the 13th and 15th of April?


9.Named after a 2nd century Roman Emperor,which city,known today as Edirne,served as the third capital of the Ottoman Empire from 1365 until 1453,when Constantinople replaced it?


10.It is a silvery-white malleable rare-earth metal and has the atomic number 64.It was isolated by Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1886 and has been effective in neutron radiography  and as a contrast agent for Magnetic Resonance Imagaing (MRI).What is the name of this chemical element,that is named after an 18th/19th century Finnish geologist?


11.The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO),is an international alliance that consists of 28 member states from North America and Europe. As well as having the smallest population of the organisation,which member country has the lowest military allocation,with just over 200 active personnel?


12.(Pictured) 'The Community Bookshelf' installation is a permanent feature of the city's main library and is designed to conceal its car park.The shelf showcases 22 titles,reflecting a wide variety of reading interests as suggested by the city's readers. The city also has links to literature,as it is where Robert Heinlein has set several of his novels and where Theodore Dreiser set the 1925 novel 'An American Tragedy'. In which mid-west city is this unique library building located?

Kansas City

13.The oldest sister won her awards for films made in 1946 and 1949. The youngest sister won her award for an Alfred Hitchcock film made in 1941. What is the name of these two actresses,who are the only set of siblings to have won lead acting Academy Awards?

Olivia de Havilland and Joan Fontaine

14.(Pictured) The company was founded as a tool manufacturer in 1920, but diversified to vehicles in 1931.It also changed its name formally in 1984,(although it had always been selling vehicles under this name).It has created models such as the Verisa,CX-5 and Bongo,and in 1991,it became the only Japanese car manufacturer,(to date),to win the Le Mans 24 hour auto-race outright.What is the name of this Japanese company,that shares its name with the name that Zoroastrians give to God?


15.The first reported procedure of this type was performed on a dog in 1823. In 1899 the first official procedure was performed on a human. It became more widespread following the second World War and the first national program was established in India in 1954. What is the name of this surgical procedure, which involves the severing and re-sealing of a man's vasa deferentia?


16.It was the site of an unsuccessful scheme by the Kingdom of Scotland to become a world trading nation, by establishing a colony in Central America, on the Isthmus of Panama. It represents southernmost part of the Caribbean Sea and separates Panama (to the north east) and Colombia (to the west). What is the name of this Gulf,which shares its name with a famous Panamanian 'Gap' and National Park?

Gulf of Darien

17.Expressed as 10 to the power 18,it is equal to a quintillion (short scale) or trillion (long scale),depending
on which country is using it. It is also situated between the 'peta' and the 'zetta' on the metric prefix scale.One second preceeded by this prefix is roughly equal to 32 billion years and one metre preceeded by the prefix is roughly equal to 110 light years.What is the name of this three-letter SI unit prefix in the metric system? 


18.(Pictured) He finished fourth over 1500 m at the 1976 Summer Olympics and finished fourth four years later,over 5000 m at the 1980 Games.He was a specialist of the indoor running circuit,which gained him the his nickname, 'The Chairman of the Boards', and saw him break the indoor mile world record on three occasions.After competitive retirement, he continued to race and became the first man over 40 years old to run a sub-four-minute mile.What is the name of this successful former Irish athlete,that was made a member of the Senate of Ireland in 2011?

Eamonn Coghlan

19.Situated about 90 km south east of Istanbul, it formed the capital of the historic Sultanate of Rum. In 1097 it became the subject of a famous Siege,when members of the First Crusade defeated Sultan Kilij Arslan. What is the name of this town,which is known today as Iznik?


20.While it is not an SI unit, it is accepted for use with the SI due to its continued use in particle physics.Originally,it was used in nuclear physics for expressing the cross sectional area of nuclei and nuclear reactions,but today it is used in all fields of high energy physics.It is defined as 10−28 m2 (100 fm2) and is approximately the cross sectional area of a uranium nucleus.What is the 'agricultural' name of this unit of area?


21.(Pictured) Located in the centre of Manhattan,it spans the area between Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenue. Declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987,it was completed in 1939 and consists of 19 buildings spread over 22 acres.Today it is home to buildings such as Radio City Music Hall,The Bank of America Building and the Simon & Schuster Building. The site is also notable,as part of its construction,(the RCA Building),is depicted in an iconic photo of 1932, which shows construction workers eating their lunch on steel girders,69 floors above ground.What is the name of this commercial complex?

Rockefeller Centre

22.The football club,Tyreso FF,was founded in 1971 and is primarily known for its women's team.The team has competed in the country's highest football division since 2010,(with previous spells in the division during the 1990s).It is  also notable as its former players include  the most capped footballer of all time,Kristine Lilly, joint FIFA Female Player of the Century Michelle Akers and five time FIFA World Player of the Year Marta.Despite this,they have only won the top division on one occasion. With the male counterpart team playing in the 5th tier of the men's football system,in which country does this top women's football side play?


23.Representing Jaipur and led by Shane Warne,which team won the inaugural Indian Premier league competition,in 2008,despite being seen as a 'weaker' team,prior to the event?

Rajasthan Royals

24.Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean by area. The seventh largest island in the Caribbean is the largest of Cuba's islands (except for Cuba itself).It was made known to Europeans,when found by Christopher Columbus in 1494,who named it La Evangelista. The island was later named the Isle of Pines and was home to the Presidio Modelo prison,which saw Fidel and Raul Castro as inmates between 1953 and 1955. What is the name of this island today,which in Spanish means 'Isle of Youth'?

Isla de la Juventud

25.(Pictured) His  'Seven dirty words' comedy routine was central to a 1978 US Supreme Court Case,in which the government gained power to regulate indecent material on the public airwaves. He is an American actor and comedian,who made his name on American TV with his series of HBO comedy specials. He has also won five Grammy Awards for his comedy albums and was the first ever host of 'Saturday Night Live'. He hasalso appeared in many films and is particularly well known to film fans of a certain age with his portrayal of the character 'Rufus',in the 'Bill And Ted' series of films. What is the name of this man,who died in 2008 and is often regarded as one of the greatest American comedians of all-time?

George Carlin